Durán, Ferman, G. G.
Artículos y Ensayos de Sociología RuralISSN:
This article offers an interpretation of neocorporatist
theory applied to the Mexican political system that
prevailed in the rural social sector from 1940 to
2000. It analyzes aspects such as the rise to power by
strongmen (caciques) in the ejidos (the communities
that were beneficiaries of land reform); peasant
representation in the social sector exercised by the
agrarian organizations of the National Peasant
Confederation (Confederación Nacional Campesina
or CNC) and the economic peasant organizations
that appeared in the 1970s and 1980s; and the
relationship between representation, patrimonialism
and clientelism. It offers a definition of “statecorporatist
social relations” that developed during the
era of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido
Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) in power.
Finally the paper offers some analytical guidelines
about the transformation of the corporatist system
in the democratic period that started in 2000.